Perspective is the key to almost any drawing or sketch, as well as many paintings. It is one of the** fundamentals** you need to understand in order to create **realistic **and** believable scenes**. This is used to give three dimensions to a drawing because it allows us to see the** depth** in an image and understand the **distance** between the objects, making it more interesting than a flat image. Moreover, it captures **how our eyes see the world naturally**, which is not on a measured scale. To start, we are going to explore **one point perspective drawing**. Then this post will be followed by other posts for **two-point** and **three-point perspectives**.

I have been drawing since I can’t remember, and I can definitely say that learning the rules of perspective made a huge difference in my drawings. In addition to explaining the basic practices, I’ll share numerous examples, as well as downloadable briefs and exercises.

So be ready to take your drawing skills to the next level!

## Things to know

One-point perspective drawing is used when we draw an object **that looks directly at us**. Usually, it is used when the subject is looking directly at an object’s face or at a landscape where we can clearly see the **horizon line**.

### Some Vocabulary:

– **The horizon line**: All perspective drawings use the horizon line, a horizontal line representing the horizon (.. yep!) but also the viewer’s eye level. Clearly, the height of the horizon will affect the placement of the vanishing point as well as the viewer’s eye level. Most of the time, the horizon line will be imaginary, so while you should include it, you should draw it lightly so you can easily erase it later.

– **The vanishing point** is a point on the horizon line where any lines going the same direction as the viewers are looking will meet at the vanishing point (These lines are called **orthogonal lines**). Additionally, it is the place where objects begin to disappear because of the distance.

### Remember That:

– The **farthest** the objects are, the **smallest** they look. While **orthographic** projection allows **accurate measurements**, **perspective** projection shows distant objects as **smaller**, making them look more realistic.

– The horizon line and vanishing point can be **anywhere**. It all depends on your **point of view**.

– A straight line across your drawing shows the horizon line. In closed places where you can not see it, like a room, you can create your own horizon. This is where your **eye level** is.

– I usually show the **ground plane** by coloring it (**grey** in here) so it is easier to differentiate the **floor.**

– When placing the** horizon line**, you are actually deciding on the **viewer’s eye level. **Anything above the horizon line is also above the viewer’s eye level, and anything below the horizon line is below the viewer’s eye level.

– Once you know how to draw **squares** and **boxes** in perspective, you can start drawing **anything** using the **same rules**. They provide a** structure** for other forms, which is why this is usually the first thing we learn in perspective drawing. Then, it is better to learn how to draw ellipses and cylinders in order to be able to draw circular shape objects such as glasses, tires, bottles, etc.

– One-point perspective drawing is good to use for **simple** object sketches. It is an excellent way to start drawing in perspective, but it can only be used for some objects in some positions.

– Perspective is all around you. Get inspired by the objects or places you see in your daily life!

*One Point Perspective Drawing*

### Drawing Of A Box Using One Point Perspective

As it is best to start simple, learning how to draw a **box** from one point perspective is a good start.

First, trace the horizon line and place a vanishing point on it. Draw the **front side** of the box first.

Draw the straight lines from the **corners** of the square that converge to the vanishing point.

Any slight mistakes can lead to distortion in the drawing. Therefore, it is better to use a **ruler** for this part.

End the form. Remember that these final lines in the back are **parallel** to their coinciding lines in the front.

Clean up! When drawing in perspective, you will always end up with extra lines or lines that are too long. You can draw all lines lightly first and then erase them later.

I personally like to keep these lines in some of my drawings!

As I said before, learning how to draw boxes is essential because it provides a **structure** for other forms. This is usually the first thing we learn in perspective drawing. Try to draw different sizes of boxes, and then I will show you how to draw ellipses and cylinders.

*One Point Perspective Drawing*

### Drawing Of An Ellipse Using One Point Perspective

An **ellipse** results from viewing a circle from any point other than “straight on”. We need to draw a square first to draw an ellipse in perspective.

Now, find the **ellipse’s center by tracing the square’s** diagonals and middle lines. These lines will be used as a guide to drawing the ellipse.

Do you see where these lines meet the **edges** of the square? Using these points, we can draw an accurate ellipse.

Since many objects are circular, ellipses are frequently used in drawings and paintings.

Drawing circles in some general drawings can be challenging, so try to **practice** this part a lot. Try all kinds of circles with different sizes in different vanishing lines!

### Drawing Of A Cylinder Using One Point Perspective

Drawing a **cylinder** when the part we are facing is the circle face is actually really easy. Remember how we draw the box? Use the same steps for this kind of cylinder.

To draw a cylinder in perspective, first, draw a prism that is as tall as you would like the cylinder to be. Then use the prism’s top and bottom to draw the ellipses. Connect these shapes with vertical lines. Here is your cylinder in perspective.

**Different size of cylinders** using one-point perspective

## Examples of one point perspective drawing

### The Railroad

Well, yes, this is a famous example of the **railroad**. This is the most basic example of one point perspective and the easiest! Draw the trees and the road using the converging lines and see how the farthest the objects are, the smallest they look!

### Interiors

Draw your horizon line first, anywhere on the page, though closer to the middle works best for this exercise. Trace the** back wall** of your room and the main corners of the room using the vanishing point. Add objects to the room using boxes and cylinders as structures.

This is the same room seen from the **ceiling**, but we are facing the **floor** this time. So instead of drawing the back wall, this time, we draw the floor first. Then, we trace the main corners of the room and add the bed and other pieces of furniture using boxes and cylinders.

### Corridor

This drawing shows one of the **corridors** of my university. We can also see this as an **interior**; this time, the back wall, ceiling, and windows are circular.

But all the rules are still the same!

### City Bird View

Even though this one looks a little complicated, it is pretty easy! You have to draw a lot of boxes in perspective and add the details of the **streets** and **buildings**. I used a view of New York from Google Earth. You can also find a city you like and draw it using this technique!

### Facade

In this case, the vanishing point is located behind the building, so it is hard to find where it is. But if you see the objects and details as boxes, everything becomes easier!

*One Point Perspective Drawing*

That is all for one point perspective. I know it may look complicated initially, but I promise it is not! It will come **naturally** to you after some practice. So **practice, practice, practice!**

Not to mention, these types of drawings usually lead to very satisfying **results** and **improve** our artistic skills so much! You can find my next post about two point perspective here.

Remember to download the PDFs, and feel free to show me your drawings on Instagram! Also, check out my latest post!